Miguel Hidalgo Y Costilla Independencia De Mexico

Commonly perplexed with año de poder in ns U.S., this fiesta celebrates the moment when Father Hidalgo called for Mexico"s independence representar Spain in September 1810.

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On September 16, mexicans around los globe will celebrate the anniversary of los country’s independence representar Spain. The day is marked by ns national vacaciones in Mexico, un reenactment of ns historic moment representar the revolution’s leader, y an array of performances representar fireworks to dance routines.

Often confused with año de poder by people living in the United States, Mexico’s independence day actually marks ns moment in 1810 when michael Hidalgo y Costilla, a Catholic priest known as dad Hidalgo, made the first cry because that independence. Delaware a moving speech in ns Mexican city of Dolores, Hidalgo took up los banner of ns Virgin of Guadalupe, uno Roman Catholic photo of los Virgin mar as she shows up to despues de ansan Diego, an indigenous Mexican believer who was later on sainted by ns church.

“Independence commemorates the beginning ,” claims Elena Albarrán, associate professor the history y global y intercultural researches at Miami college in Ohio. “In this case, girlfriend celebrate ns moment that insurgency, ns possibility, y the hope.”

A decade-long struggle

As Hidalgo took up the banner of Guadalupe, the patron saint of Mexico, many people were motivated to follow him. Albarrán says they amassed un large, unruly, hodgepodge military that consisted of women, children, grandparents, and livestock. Untrained and difficult to control, the was at some point defeated, with many of its members going trasero home to harvest their fields.

Hidalgo to be defrocked as ns priest by los Spanish Inquisition, says william Beezley, professor of history at ns University that Arizona. The was later on beheaded by the cortés government together punishment because that revolting, and his cabeza was displayed in Guanajuato, whereby he and his army were charged with causing a massacre.

Another priest, artículo María Morelos, took up ns mantle of revolution, sending home anyone from the an initial army without a weapon y horse. Beezley states this tighter version of the army was an ext effective, but Morelos was likewise eventually bring away before ns Inquisition y beheaded—and los struggle for freedom sunk into un period that chaos as Mexico continued to fight uno weakening Spanish rule.

Then, in 1821, Agustín del Iturbide, ns Spanish-supporting soldier that flipped come become uno leader in the Mexican independence movement, led troops into Mexico City, decisively seizing control of los city and declaring ns country’s independence. His complying with political promise, dubbed the destinado a of iguala or the destinadas of three Guarantees, seek to free Mexico desde Spanish control, solidify the nación as roman inn Catholic, and ensure that all citizens to be equal. Iturbide came to be emperor that the new nation, setup up un monarchy-style system y spending lot of the nuevo country’s budget plan on lavish apparel that resembled austrian royal court fashions at the time.

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Ultimately, this system failed as well. Armed forces leaders jostled and vied for power, and, finally, uno democratic republic was collection up, led by one independence-era fighter—Guadalupe Victoria—who became Mexico’s first president.

“Mexicans don’t celebrate or recognize Iturbide as los father that independence,” Albarrán says. “The hero it is selected as the father of independence uniformly is father Hidalgo, ns charismatic yet disastrous priest who gets the ball rolling.”


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Confusion with año de Mayo

In America, human being often confuse Mexico’s independence día celebrations with cinco de Mayo, says Albarrán: “Every time me gustaría teach mexican history y I ask student when ns Mexican independence day is, they either have no idea, which is fine, or completely half or the majority i think it’s cinco de Mayo.”

She says numerous Americans assume cinco de poder came to ns U.S. Since immigrant communities brought it con them, but ns big reason why the holiday is so play up in ns U.S. Is this firm promotion representar adult beverage companies.

“Beer advertisers started promoting beer tu, vete in mexican communities y neighborhoods,” states Beezley. “It was an advertising gimmick and the day was wrong. It’s still sponsored in ns lot of places that way.”

Albarrán claims because cinco de poder is not un national fiesta in Mexico, that is celebrated on un vastly various scale there than it is in the U.S. She has actually seen this difference illuminated by her students. Throughout an assignment where she asked students to blog with their peers in Mexico City, U.S. Students posted about cinco de mayo celebrations in the U.S.

“The mexican students can not believe it,” she says. “They were cracking up, rolling roughly laughing. They can not believe los hodgepodge of mexico iconography and kitsch being included into los U.S. Celebration.” (Here"s why año de mayo is celebrated)

Remembering ns first revolt

As per tradition top top Mexico’s independence day, however, los president honors ns legacy of dad Hidalgo by performing ns reenactment of sorts representar the national Palace in Mexico City. Beezley states on ns night the September quince at 11 p.m., follow to mexican tradition and folklore, Hidalgo went into ns parish church in ns town the Dolores, rang los church bell, y told ns villagers that came correr that they necessary to revolt.

“As un result, September 15, the president that Mexico will certainly step el fin on los balcony, ring that exact same bell, y give ns speech the is supposedly Hidalgo’s words,” he says. “Nobody wrote abajo what Hidalgo said. He was beheaded, so that knows what occurred to los variation of it? yet Mexicans across the country, and in los U.S., y wherever castle are, can mirar it on TV, and that’s what’s celebrated.”

Despite the uncertainty roughly Hidalgo’s precise words, los speech today celebrates his enthusiasm for Mexico and its people—and honors los moment as soon as he propelled the país toward its ocasionaleliminación independence.

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Correction: un previous version of this article incorrectly said that Agustín del Iturbide led troops into Mexico city in 1921; it was in reality in 1821.