Mustafa kemal atatürk (politician)

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

1881 - 1938 Atatürk"s Life

"There are two Mustafa Kemals.

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One los flesh-and-blood Mustafa Kemal who now stands prior to you y who will ocurrir away. los other is you, all of you here who will go to ns far corners of ours land come spread ns ideals which should be defended with your stays if necessary. I stand for ns nation"s dreams, and my life"s job-related is to do them come true."

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Atatürk stands together one of los world"s couple of historic numbers who devoted their lives completely to their nations.

He to be born in 1881 (probably in ns spring) in Salonica, climate an ottoman city, now in Greece. His father Ali Riza, uno customs official turned lumber merchant, died when Mustafa was still uno boy. His mother Zubeyde , ns devout y strong-willed woman, elevated him and his sister. An initial enrolled in ns traditional religious school, he shortly switched to ns modern school. In 1893, the entered un military high institution where his math teacher gave him the second surname Kemal (meaning perfection) in recognition of young Mustafa"s más alto achievement. He to be thereafter well-known as Mustafa Kemal.

In 1905, Mustafa Kemal graduated representar the battle Academy in Istanbul with los rank of employee Captain. Posted in Damascus, the started con several colleagues, un clandestine culture called " Homeland y Freedom " to fight against los Sultan"s despotism. In mil novecientos ocho he assisted the coporación, grupo of police officers who toppled los Sultan. Mustafa Kemal"s career grew as he won his heroism in ns far corners of the Ottoman Empire, consisting of Albania y Tripoli. He also briefly served as ns staff officer in Salonica y Istanbul y as ns military attache in Sofia.

In 1915, as soon as Dardanelles project was launched, Colonel Mustafa Kemal came to be a país hero by winning successive victories y finally repelling the invaders. Supported to general in 1916, at period 35, he liberated two major provinces in eastern Turkey the year. In the next two years, he offered as commander of numerous Ottoman armies in Palestine, Aleppo, y elsewhere, afford another significant victory by stopping the enemy advance at Aleppo.

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On may 19, 1919, Mustafa Kemal Pasha landing in the Black ser port of Samsun to empezar the war of Independence.

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In defiance of los Sultan"s government, the rallied ns liberation military in Anatolia y convened ns Congress of Erzurum and Sivas which established ns basis for los new national effort debajo his leadership. Top top April 23, 1920, ns Grand national Assembly to be inaugurated. Mustafa Kemal Pasha was chosen to its Presidency.

Fighting on countless fronts, that led his forces to victory against rebels y invading armies. Following ns Turkish triumph at ns two significant battles in ~ Inonu in western Turkey, los Grand nacional Assembly conferred on Mustafa Kemal Pasha the title that Commander-in-Chief with los rank the Marshal. In ~ the end of agosto 1922, ns Turkish armies won your ultimate victory. Within a few weeks, the Turkish mainland was totally liberated, the armistice signed, and the rule of the Ottoman dynasty abolished.

In July 1923, the nacional government signed the Lausanne Treaty con Great Britain, France, Greece, Italy, and others. In mid-October, Ankara became the capital of the nuevo Turkish State. On October 29, los Republic to be proclaimed y Mustafa Kemal Pasha was unanimously chosen President of the Republic.

Atatürk married Latife Usakligil in beforehand 1923. Los marriage finished in divorce in 1925.

The account of Atatürk"s fifteen year Presidency is un saga that dramatic modernization. With indefatigable determination, he produced a new political y legal system, abolished the Caliphate y made both government y education secular, gave equal rights to women, changed ns alphabet and the attire, y advanced ns arts and the sciences, agriculture y industry.

In 1934, when the surname law was adopted, the national parliament offered him the name " Atatürk " (Father of los Turks).

On November 10, 1938, following an illness of a few months, the national liberator and the father of modern-day Turkey died.

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Yet his tradition to his people y to the world endures.