Historians don’t commonly rave about los Early colonia Period (1500-1700) as a hora of great creative output, therefore you deserve to imagine ours surprise as soon as we encountered the work of Sor Juana Inés del la superar (November 12, mil seiscientos cincuenta y uno – April 17, 1695) when researching y writing ns Early encounters unit of Women y the american Story, due out this fall. Not just was Juana un talented poet and philosopher, however she was also one of the first feminist literary ladies in los Americas.

Estás mirando: Sor juan ines de la cruz

Sor Juana Inés de la la cruz (1651-1695) in ~ 15. 17th Century, Artist Unknown.

Juana was un nun in new Spain, the territory that encompassed present-day Mexico y the americano southwest. In her lifetime she was renowned for her scholarly pursuits. She was un self-taught scholar, spiritual philosopher, composer, y poet. She poetry and prose, which spanned topics favor love, religion, feminism, y women’s permiso to education, garnered ns most attention.

One of she poems, composed in 1680s, “Hombres necios los acusáis” (“You Foolish Men”), expresses she disappointment in los hypocrisy of the relations in between men y women in nuevo Spain. In los first, stanza Juana cries falta that guys blame females for ns faults that male-dominated society has taught them:Hombres necios los acusáis girlfriend foolish men who laya la femeninas sin razón, ns guilt top top women,sin mirar que sois la posibilidad not see you’re the causede lo mismo que culpáis: of the very thing you blame

The fifth stanza cd driver this point casa with uno pointed mythical metaphor:

Queréis, alcanzan presunción necia, con foolish arrogance hallar un la ese buscáis, you expect to find a Thais hacía pretendida, Thais, in she you court, but a Lucretia y dentro la posesión, Lucrecia once you’ve possessed her.

Thais was ns sex worker that accompanied alejandro the good on many of his campaigns, y Lucretia was a Roman noblewoman that committed suicide after she was raped to maintain her family’s honor. Essentially, she is accusing ns men of nuevo Spain that wanting the colonia version of los “ señora on the street y a freak in the bed” twin standard, an difficult standard in any era.

Sor Juana Inés después la Cruz. Poëmas después la unica poetisa Americana. vol. 1 of 3. Barcelona: josé Llopis, 1691. College of Notre Dame, rarely Books and Special Collections.

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Juana walk on come highlight los double typical of sexualmente relationships in i m sorry women are criticized because that being chaste y criticized for being sexually active.

Con el favor y ns desdén your favour and disdain tenéis condición igual, you hold in equal state, quejándoos, si os tratan mal, if castle mistreat, you complain, burlándoos, correcto os desean bien. Girlfriend mock if lock treat friend well.

Opinión, ninguna gana: alguno woman wins esteem that you: después la que hasta luego se recata, ns most usually is ungrateful si cuales os admite, denominada ingrata, if she refuses to recognize you; y sí os admite, denominaciones liviana yet if she does, she’s loose

Juana’s criticism was incredibly básico for that is time, especially desde a nun who was an alleged to concern herself only con spiritual matters. And while Juana did get criticism desde the church for her básico ideologies, she was likewise praised for she candidness y commitment come women’s advocacy.

Juana was an exceptional woman that mastered philosophical theories and multiple languages, and who used her notable talents to advocate for women’s rights. By offering our students los opportunity to analysis her work, we administer them with the opportunity to find out about the life of a woman, uno nun, y a scholar in nuevo Spain, and give castle an insider’s first-hand account the what it was choose to live in that community. Y poems choose this show that los issues emphasize by modern feminist movements, choose #MeToo, have been walking on for centuries.

Portrait the Sor Juana Inés de la superar (1648-1695), circa 1750. Chapultepec Castle-National museum of History.

Looking for an ext ways to incorporate los experiences of ladies in her colonial america lesson plans? store an eye on los Women and the americano Story website, whereby our beforehand Encounters unit will be appearing in pilot form this summer. We will officially launch the unit in ~ our teacher workshops top top Election trabaja 2018. That will function documents, images, life stories, and other sources that will certainly illuminate the lives of women of every races y ages in the English, French, Dutch, y Spanish swarms of north America, from mil cuatrocientos noventa y dos until around 1740. As for the complete poem “Hombre Necios / Foolish Men,” read on.

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– Regan Loggans, education and learning Division.

Top picture credits: Portrait the Sor Juana Inés ese la superar (1648-1695), circa 1750. Chapultepec Castle-National museo of background (detail).